Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Mainstream Indian Religion - Essay Example Interpretation of a fragment remembered for this Vedic writing Ã¢â¬Å"Ã£âpastamba's YagÃ£ ±a-ParibhÃ£ ¢shÃ£ ¢-SÃ£ »trasÃ¢â¬ was led by F. Max Muller which was connected with the Ã¢â¬ËGeneral Rules of the SacrificeÃ¢â¬â¢. Ã¢â¬ËYagÃ ±aÃ¢â¬â¢ or penance in Sutra I of this writing is expressed as a demonstration to offer or rather to give up, for example Ã¢â¬ËpruputtiÃ¢â¬â¢ of a living or a non-living item to the God (Muller, 2004). Ã¢â¬ËYagÃ ±aÃ¢â¬â¢ is made to the God or Goddess with the desire to accomplish a prize as far as favors. These prizes have frequently been named to be connected with the Ã¢â¬Ëpath to heavenÃ¢â¬â¢, thriving or Ã¢â¬ËsamridhiÃ¢â¬â¢ and supreme edification or Ã¢â¬Ësamyak-sambodhiÃ¢â¬â¢. The Sutras in Ã¢â¬Å"Ã£âpastamba's YagÃ£ ±a-ParibhÃ£ ¢shÃ£ ¢-SÃ£ »trasÃ¢â¬ uncover an assortment of customs to perform penance so as to fulfill the loved God or Goddess. Ceremonies and items for the Ã¢â¬ËYagÃ ±aÃ¢â¬â¢ contrast as per the God or Goddess and likewise the procedure additionally differs for each situation. In the conventional specialty of Hinduism, the ceremonies of penance additionally contrasted based on the station framework, for example BrÃ£ ¢hmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudra (Oldenberg, 1892). ... The significance of penance and the raison d'etre of the ceremonial has additionally been unequivocally characterized in all the four fundamental Vedas of Hindu Shastra, for example Apparatus, Yajur, Sama, and Atharva Vedas (Oldenberg, 1892). It is in this setting the Sutras referenced in the writing had a noteworthy impact on the general public during the customary period where Brahmanas and Kshatriyas were named to be the higher positions having the rights to play out each sort of penance and in this way were alluded to be better associated with the profound world in contrast with Vaisyas and Sudras. Comparable to the impacts of the ceremonies referenced in the sutras on the Hindu society and from a moral perspective it is very clear that Ã¢â¬Å"Apastamba's Yagna-Paribhasha-SutrasÃ¢â¬ assumed a pivotal job in presenting various leveled position frameworks in the then Hindu society. On the comparable setting, in the Ã¢â¬Å"Grihya SutrasÃ¢â¬ of Gabhila in Kandika 5, it has been expressed that an admirer ought to try and penance a Ã¢â¬Ëblack-cowÃ¢â¬â¢ or a Ã¢â¬Ëwhite-cowÃ¢â¬â¢ so as to satisfy God and in this manner blockade the damages caused due to Asvattha, Palaksha, Nyagrodha, and Udumbara to the house. Remarkably, these are named to be the most loved trees of Surya, Yama, Varuna, and Pragapati (Muller, 2004). The inquiry that emerges in this setting identifies with the issue where on one hand the religion will in general term cow as a holy creature and comparably instructs to show kindness toward each living animal on earth regarding them as the favors and manifestations of God himself, the ceremonies of the equivalent requests to forfeit a creature. Concerning these issues, devotees of different religions, for example, Budhists, Jains and Ajivikas have commented the custom of penance to be an image of Ã¢â¬Ëascetic practicesÃ¢â¬â¢.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Envision a saffron-hued robed Buddhist priest scoring to uproarious music being played by lean, wavy haired young men in a dull storm cellar in Brooklyn. This picture is one of the numerous that portrays the different boundaries throughout my life. My name is Nimesha and IÃ¢â¬â¢m a Sri Lankan-American who cherishes free examples and watches old SNL productions. The best thing my folks have accomplished for me directly in the wake of giving me life was bringing me up in New York City. This city has given me the opportunity to communicate my actual character while as yet letting my legacy course through my regular day to day existence. Somewhere down in the enclaves of the Lower East Side, IÃ¢â¬â¢m encompassed by raggedy high schooler fashionable people, who after chain smoking a cigarette for 15 minutes, influence and bounce and shake to music that can be depicted as a thousand Gameboys playing immediately. Goodness, how one can smell the high schooler anxiety noticeable all around. We will compose a custom exposition test on im a mosaic, my mosaic or on the other hand any comparative point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page ItÃ¢â¬â¢s during conditions such as this when I don't mull over my parentÃ¢â¬â¢s emphasis on me returning home early or reading for math class. The commotion keeps on playing and IÃ¢â¬â¢m in the group. Hopping. Shouting. Imploring. I am presently sitting leg over leg on a saffron hued pad on the highest floor of the Buddhist Vihara in Queens that I have been going to for as long as 17 years of my life. The priests are arranged against the divider and everybody is looking towards the humongous Buddha sculpture before the room. With my eyes shut, I start to recite. My religion draws out another side of me, a progressively solemn, careful being, who most likely would be increasingly lucid in different circumstances, if consistently as loose. Things that worry me incorporate math, young men and my stunning guardians. No truly, they are very dazzling! Despite the fact that we do get into our quarrels, I am beginning to comprehend what they are used to. I used to stigmatize their emphasis on my contemplating harder and remaining at home. Be that as it may, presently IÃ¢â¬â¢ve acknowledged the amount they relinquished for me to get superb training and a magnificent American life, all because of an ongoing migration legal dispute. My folks missed their mothersÃ¢â¬â¢ burial service only so there was no danger of returning the US so I could remain at HSMSE and I just got a 70 in my math class that term. They have not seen their kin in more than 30 years yet I here and there miss schoolwork and warm the soccer seat. This reality happened to me after my motherÃ¢â¬â¢s migration meet. From that point forward, my viewpoint of my life is unique. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve have had stunning encounters throughout my life that could never have occurred if my folks had not had any desire to remain in America to severely. I reserve the privilege to free discourse and the option to take an interest in my legislature. I have the chance to go from living in a two room, one story condo to living in the White House. I can even group surf one night, and offer blossoms in a Buddhist sanctuary the following! My New York is even extraordinary at this point. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t simply observe calfskin tights and Nike Dunks as a portrayal of my youthfulness. Rather than concentrating on the nightlife, I presently welcome that I am developed in a magnificent network of social dispersion. My New York has gotten a mosaic. As the truism goes, Ã¢â¬Å"my food merchant is Korean, my store man is Israeli, my clothing fellow is Chinese, my preferred coffee shop proprietor is Greek and my preferred falafel fellow is Egyptian.Ã¢â¬ This assorted variety is the thing that IÃ¢â¬â¢ve grown up with and gained from. I see the magnificence in this liberality and I grasp it. Truth be told I consider it to be a significant apparatu s to my greatest advantage for my future. In spite of the fact that I have not generally settled on the best options, as not making a decent attempt as I could in school, presently I am completely prepared to take advantage of the lucky breaks my folks have made conceivable to me. My energy for International Relations makes me need to locate the best school program and work my hardest at it. My ongoing acknowledgment is an immense inspiration to assist me with prevailing in a difficult scholarly condition. I need to have the option to include the resilience, care and good faith I have gained from my encounters to the networks I will participate later on, regardless of whether it is my school network or the universal network as a future compassionate or legislator. For the time being, I am carrying on with my life vivaciously with the information that I myself am a mosaic. I am a result of worldwide, present day, customary, scholarly and sympathetic impacts. I am anticipating bringing the best of the various parts of me to any place I go throughout everyday life.
Saturday, August 8, 2020
How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System Addiction Alcohol Use Print How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System? Alcohol in Your Blood, Urine, Hair, Saliva By Buddy T facebook twitter Buddy T is an anonymous writer and founding member of the Online Al-Anon Outreach Committee with decades of experience writing about alcoholism. Learn about our editorial policy Buddy T Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on October 26, 2019 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on November 25, 2019 More in Addiction Alcohol Use Binge Drinking Withdrawal and Relapse Children of Alcoholics Drunk Driving Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery In This Article Table of Contents Expand Effects Duration Detection Times Elimination Symptoms of Overdose Getting Help View All Back To Top Knowing how long alcohol (ethanol) remains in your system is important for avoiding dangerous interactions with medications as well as impairments in your physical and mental performance. While alcohol is not considered a controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA), it is illegal to sell or serve to anyone under the age of 21 in the United States. The metabolism of alcohol has been studied in detail, but there are many individual factors that determine how long it can be detected in your body and how long it will take to be eliminated. Depending on the type of test used as well as your age, body mass, genetics, sex, and overall health, alcohol can remain detectable in your system from 10 hours to 90 days. When misused, alcohol can do as much (or even more) overall harm as many illegal drugs. People who misuse alcohol also risk developing physical and psychological dependence and alcohol use disorder. Verywell / Joshua Seong Facts You Need to Know About Alcohol How Long Does It Take to Feel Effects? You can start to feel the effects of alcohol in a matter of minutes. When ingested, alcohol is rapidly absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into your bloodstream before it travels to the nervous system (brain and spinal cord). As a central nervous system depressant, alcohol impairs the communication of messages in your brain, altering your perceptions, emotions, movement, and senses. In small amounts, you might feel more relaxed and open or less anxious, but the more you drink, the more intoxicated youâll begin to feel. For some, this can mean being more talkative or very friendly and others may begin to behave with anger or aggression. Other signs of alcohol intoxication include: EuphoriaLoss of inhibitionsImpaired walking (ataxia)Losing coordinationSlurred speechSlowed reaction timePoor judgment (such as driving under the influence or engaging in unprotected sex) Description of Alcohol Intoxication in the DSM-5 How Long Does Alcohol Last? The half-life of ethanol is about 4 to 5 hours, which means it takes that long to eliminate half of the alcohol ingested from the bloodstream. For most people, alcohol is absorbed into the system more rapidly than it is metabolized. For a person weighing 150 pounds, for example, one standard drink will increase their blood-alcohol concentration by about 0.02%,?? but the body can only remove about 0.016% per hour on average.?? Therefore, even if you consume only one drink per hour, your blood alcohol concentration (BAC) will continue to increase. If you drink more than one per hour, it rises much more rapidly. The body metabolizes alcohol by oxidizing the ethanol to acetaldehyde. The acetaldehyde is broken down into acetic acid and then to carbon dioxide and water. Most of the alcohol you consume is metabolized in the liver, but about 5% of the alcohol you drink is excreted by the body through sweat, breath, urine, feces, and saliva.?? Determining exactly how long alcohol is detectable in the body depends on many variables, including which kind of drug test is being used. Alcohol can be detected for a shorter time with some tests but can be visible for up to three months in others. The following is an estimated range of times, or detection windows, during which alcohol can be detected by various testing methods. Breath Alcohol can be detected in your breath via a breathalyzer test for up to 24 hours. Urine Alcohol can be detected in urine for three to five days via ethyl glucuronide (EtG) metabolite or 10 to 12 hours via the traditional method.?? Blood Alcohol can show up in a blood test for up to 12 hours.?? Saliva A saliva test can be positive for alcohol from 24 to 48 hours.?? Hair Like many other drugs, alcohol can be detected with a hair follicle drug test for up to 90 days.?? False Positives The EtG test can produce a positive test from the mere exposure to alcohol thats present in many daily household products such as cooking extract, mouth wash, cleaning products, cosmetics, and hair dye. As such, its a less reliable test for alcohol consumption. If you take a breath or saliva test shortly after using alcohol-containing mouthwash or cough medicine, it may detect the residue of the alcohol in your mouth and create a false positive as well. Factors That Affect Detection Time The timetable for detecting alcohol in the body is also dependent upon variables such as metabolism, body mass, age, hydration level, physical activity, health conditions, and other factors, making it almost impossible to determine an exact time alcohol will show up on a drug test. Some of those factors include the following. Genetics Just as family history plays a role in the development of an alcohol use disorder, how quickly the body processes and excretes alcohol also has a genetic link. Sex Since women tend to have proportionally more body fat and less body water than men, alcohol tends to linger in their systems longer than men. Body Fat Again, the more fat you have, the longer the alcohol will stay in your body. Ethnicity Studies have found that people of East Asian descent are more likely to have trouble metabolizing alcohol since they donât produce enough of a key enzyme that helps metabolize alcohol in the liver. Instead, a toxic byproduct of alcohol builds up in the blood and liver, dilates blood vessels, and causes flushing (redness and heat) in the face and neck as well as headaches, dizziness, palpitations, and nausea. This reaction is known colloquially as âAsian flushâ or âAsian glow.â Age As you get older, your liver works more slowly, so it takes longer to excrete alcohol. Many aging adults also take medication that can affect liver function, slowing the process further. Food Consumption Roughly 20% of the ethanol in liquor is absorbed into the blood from the stomach and the rest from the small intestine. The longer alcohol stays in the stomach, the longer it takes to be absorbed and the slower the rate of intoxication. Eating before drinking, and continuing to snack while you consume alcohol, will slow the absorption and reduce its impact, but prolong the detection period. Medications Certain medications can interfere with how alcohol is absorbed in the body and some may even enhance the effects and increase intoxication. Always be honest with your healthcare provider about how much alcohol you consume. Medications known to interact with alcohol include: Anti-anxiety medicationsAntidepressantsAntibioticsAllergy medicationsDiabetes medications Use How frequently and how fast you drink, as well as the alcohol content in your beverage, can all influence how long ethanol stays in your system. For example, if you engage in binge drinkingâ"five or more drinks for men or four for women during a single drinking sessionâ"it can take many hours for the alcohol to completely clear from your system.?? It is possible for your system to still have enough alcohol in it the next morning that you could fail a urine or blood test for driving under the influence. You would definitely have a problem trying to pass a test that is designed to detect the presence of any alcohol. How to Get Alcohol Out of Your System Regardless of how fast your body absorbs alcohol, it eliminates it at the average rate of 0.016 BAC per hour. Nothing you do will speed up the elimination process, including drinking coffee, drinking water, taking a shower, or even vomiting. If you know that you are going to have to take a breath, blood, or urine test for the presence of alcohol in your system, the only way you can lower your blood alcohol content results is to delay taking the test as long as possible after your last drink, because only time will reduce your BAC. The following table shows the length of time it takes for your body to eliminate alcohol at varying BAC levels. Average Time Needed for Alcohol to Clear Your System BAC Level Hours Until 0 BAC 0.016 1 0.05 3.75 0.08 5 0.10 6.25 0.16 10 0.20 12.5 0.24 15 The above times reflect the metabolism rate of a healthy, functioning liver. If you are a heavy or long-time drinker, your liver may require more time to eliminate alcohol from your body. Symptoms of Overdose Consuming large amounts of alcohol in a short period of time can result in alcohol poisoning, which is a medical emergency. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an average of six people per day die of acute alcohol poisoning. Drinking too much alcohol, or combining alcohol with other drugs or medication, can cause the areas of your brain that support your breathing, heart rate, and other basic life-supporting functions to begin to shut down. ConfusionExtreme sleepiness or loss of consciousnessSeizuresSlow heart rateNo gag reflex, which prevents choking when vomitingClammy pale, or blue-tinged skinLow body temperature (hypothermia)Breathing slowly or irregularly (less than eight times a minute or 10 seconds or more between any two breaths)Vomiting while unconscious (doesnt wake up during or after vomiting) If someone you care about is experiencing any of the symptoms of alcohol poisoning, call 911 and keep your friend safe until help arrives. An Overview of Alcohol Poisoning Getting Help If youve been drinking heavily and/or regularly, suddenly stopping or cutting back on alcohol can cause physical and psychological symptoms of withdrawal. The severity will depend on how long youve been using alcohol and how much you normally drink. In severe cases, you can experience a possibly life-threating type of alcohol withdrawal known as delirium tremens (or DTs), which can occur from two days to up to a week after your last drink. When youre ready to quit or reduce the harm alcohol is causing to your health and life, there are many resources to help. Start by talking to your primary care physician. Many people also turn to support groups, like Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). These groups, whether in-person or online, can help you feel supported and less alone as you navigate recovery. You can also contact the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Helpline at 1-800-662-HELP (4357) for free, confidential resources and referrals to support groups and trusted treatment facilities What to Expect From Alcohol Withdrawal
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Humans possess the desire to be perfect, which simply does not exist on earth and can only be achieved in dreams or in death and is explained in Ã¢â¬Å"The BirthmarkÃ¢â¬ by Nathaniel Hawthorne. Despite wanting to be perfect, humans also desire the need to love and to be loved in return, which often leads to unhappy, bad, forceful relationships as expressed in Ã¢â¬Å"Living In SinÃ¢â¬ by Adrienne Rich. Within our human lives we often desire to be labeled by who and what we are so we can know our place in this world; which is pointless because in the end death does not care who you were and Ã¢â¬Å"ColorÃ¢â¬âCasteÃ¢â¬âDenominationÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬Å" by Emily Dickinson is an example of this. However, Super Sad True Love Story portrays humans who possess multiple harmful, pointless desires. Whether it is to live forever and look younger, to love someone because it is better than being alone, or ranking to know their purpose in the world, Super Sad True Love Story shows how these t hings end in a result not perfectly lovable at all. Through science, Ã¢â¬Å"The BirthmarkÃ¢â¬ by Nathaniel Hawthorne pursues the human desire of perfection that ends in a tragedy due to the desire itself because there is no such thing as perfection in the world. Aylmer, a scientist, becomes obsessed with the birthmark his wife, Georgina, has on her cheek that ends up being all that he sees when he looks at her. He believes that if Georgina didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have Ã¢â¬Å"this slightest possible defectÃ¢â¬ , sheÃ¢â¬â¢d be perfect (139). Georgina believes itÃ¢â¬â¢s a natural beauty and herShow MoreRelatedNathaniel Hawthorne s The Scarlet Letter1230 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Nathaniel Hawthorne is an American novelist, who writes and focuses on sin, punishment, and atonement. However, he mainly focuses on the Puritan legacy. Hawthorne was born on July 4, 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts. From 1825-1837, Hawthorne perfected his writing and spent this time to help generate ideas for his novels and poems. One of the most well known novels by Nathaniel Hawthorne is Ã¢â¬Å"The Scarlet Letter.Ã¢â¬ The Scarlet Letter helped HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s career to become one of the most successful of hisRead MoreSimilar Gothic Elements in the Work of Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne2436 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesWork of Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne Nathaniel Hawthorne and Edgar Allan Poe are considered masters of American gothic fiction. They used similar gothic elements in their writing and used it to build up a sense of impending doom. Even today numerous readers enjoy, study, and discuss the gothic elements both utilized in their work. Gothic writing is a style that is concerned with the dark side of society, an evil that lies within the self. Poe and Hawthorne contributed stories which
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Paragraph- Ã¢â¬Å"The VeldtÃ¢â¬ Theme In the short story, Ã¢â¬Å"The VeldtÃ¢â¬ , written by Ray Bradbury reveals the odds by creating a machine that only allows children to detach emotionally from their parents and their loss of innocence. Lydia and George Hedley live in a Happy life home a technological marvel that automatically tends to their every need which dresses them, cooks the food, brushes their teeth, and even rocks them to sleep. The house also contains a high-tech nursery. We will write a custom essay sample on The Veldt or any similar topic only for you Order Now The nursery turns into any scenery the children imagine about in that room. Children are usually naive and silly. But in this story children lose their innocence gradually because they feel abandoned and alienation. The children feel abandoned by their parents when they were left in the care of a technological baby sitter which led them to lose their innocence. WhenÃ George and Lydia realized that there is something wrong with their way of life. George and Lydia are also perplexed that the nursery is stuck on an African setting, with lions in the distance, eating the dead carcass of what they assume to be an animal. There they also find recreations of their personal belongings, wondering why their children are so concerned with this scene of death. Therefore, they decide to call a psychologist. The psychiatrist evaluated that the children and he said to the parents that the children need treatment. Both of the children feel abandoned by their parents so they activated the room into a veldt where they imagine that they are looking for their missing parents because of the insufficient time their parents give them. In one point the psychiatrist says: Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve let this room and this house replaces you and your wife in your childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s affections. This room is their mother and father, far more important in their lives than their real parents. Ã¢â¬ In this story man is destroyed by their machines in two ways: not only are George and Lydia were murdered by the nurseryÃ¢â¬â¢s technology, but the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s humanity is also destroyed. By identifying so closely with the nursery, the children have become less than human. They feel no guilt, remorse or regret when their parents died, and it was clear that they have become as cold and emotionless as the machinery that controls the nursery. Children often feel powerless against adults and create elaborate sceneries in their heads in which they have the power to conquer any adult who refuses to give them what they want. George triggers these fantasies in Peter and Wendy when he threatens them to turn off the nursery. The children are used to getting their own way, and they become very angry when they cannot have what they want and the cycle of revenge starts in which they end up murdering their own parents. When David McClean the psychiatrist asked the children where their parents are when they were on their way to New York it says in the story Ã¢â¬Å"The children looked up and smiled. Ã¢â¬ËOh, theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll be here directly. Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ Even though they were the ones who killed their parents, they feel no emotions at all. In conclusion people would say that children are usually harmless and full of life but in the story Ã¢â¬Å"The veldtÃ¢â¬ because they felt abandoned by their parents and because of alienation Peter and Wendy gradually lost their innocence. How to cite The Veldt, Papers
Friday, May 1, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Developing Sustainable Business Organizations Process. Answer: Introduction: Project Ulysses emerged as a challenging voyage for the multination consultant company PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC). Ulysses was the major concept to bring out developmental leadership linking to various communities where the Organization operates. After major mergers in late 90s, the Company started its quest for a new model of leadership training that would create a worldwide network of executives (Noe and Winkler 2012, p. 78). These executives shall be able to capitalize profit on the very nature of diversity and transnational nature of the organizations operation. On the Ulysses project at Namibia, the leaders at PwC took an out of the box approach towards corporate social responsibilities (Ehnert et al. 2009, p. 52). The initiative taken to dig water for the underprivileged would directly help the Company to meet its strategic goals. The strategic goal was to dig a wider scoop in the leadership skill of the various executives who would not only fit the situation but would be effective enough to deal with any kind of challenges occurred around the globe (Noe and Winkler 2012, p. 78). Thus, the developmental approach of leadership leads the Company to link the organizational activities with various communities (Boreck 2014, p. 178). This program was initiated in 2001 with the aim that the major leaders would be sent to major developing countries of operations that they would be able to understand the community situation and help the organization to carry out their business activities (Robbins et al. 2015, p. 24). It has to be understood that in the early 2000, PwC had to face major challenges in terms of its leadership because there was a continuous change in the trend (Noe and Winkler 2012, p. 78). The Company was at a verge of being left behind as the top performers because other big MNCs were major leaders in the Ulysses programs. By 2004, it was found that the firm partnered with 18 other leaders and 17 different PwC territories was found to participate in various community programs (Velazquez et al. 2011, p. 38). For example, landmine mitigation in Eritrea, reintegration of ex combatants in East Timor, several other developmental operations in Ecuador was some of the community approach undertaken by PwC. In Uganda, the Company made partnership with the Alliance of Mayors and Municipal Leaders on HIV/AIDS in Africa. This journey acted as a learning program for the leaders and helped them to gain better knowledge of the community where PwC operates. The sustainability approach can be stated by following the 3Ps: Profit (economic): The sustainable management can be easily regarded as a pseudo of management where the main intension still remains in owning better leadership quality. In fact, the Ulysses programs of PwC can also aimed at better talent management (Noe and Winkler 2012, p. 78). These factors automatically helped the Company to compete with other firms and increase their profit margin. The aim was to identify the most eligible leader of the Organization who shall be able to foresee the approaches of global leaders in the light of complex business environment. The idea was to blend the training and development with the real life situation and understand the capability of the leader to work in different conditions and environmental situations. Thus, there was an increase in the economy of the Company. Planet (ecological): In the view point of Ehnert et al. (2009, p. 12), the two major perspectives of the human resource management is to carry out CSR activity and at the same time create a sustainable approach towards the society. If the approach of sustainability is considered, the initial focus of the program was to create awareness and understand the issues related to sustainability of the particular region of operation. However, the major concept behind all these approaches was to build a better image of the Company and is a part of the Corporate Social Responsibility (Leaders 2014, p. 86). The various approaches undertaken by the Company helped to improve the ecological condition and the overall infrastructure of the region where the programs were held. For instance, in Namibia water was made available to the people of the region. People (social): Sustainable approach is the fair and proper treatment of the employees in terms of their duties, ethical issues as well as the ecological sustainability. The initiative undertaken by PwC was to understand the learning objectives of the leaders. The learning outcome was aimed at three broad categories; namely, sustainability, diversity and leadership (Rendell et al. 2007, p. 11). Various approaches were undertaken by PwC in creating sustainability throughout the world. Apart from the programs related to AIDS/HIV in Uganda, a leader from Romania partnered with the Elias Mutale Young Training Centre in Kasama, the funding partner, United Nation Development Program for economic diversification of the region (Ehnert et al. 2009, p. 13). In fact, the leaders were also found to team up with NGOs from different regions like Malaysia, Sweden, South Brazil and Germany. These approaches automatically built up a cultural diversity in the organization and a sense of experience in terms of both personally and professionally (Pless and Maak 2009, p. 60). This sustainable approach of learning automatically created a co-learning environment that was indeed important for the personal development plan for the leaders at PwC partnering with the NGO partners. This has helped the leader to understand the economic condition of those places. The strengths and weaknesses of the Ulysses program can be measured by the end of the program. It has been evident that the main intension of the Ulysses program was to improve the leadership capability and talent management (Noe and Winkler 2012, p. 78). The programs helped the Company in carrying out the CSR activities rather than building any kind of sustainable improvement in the particular regions of operation. The overall strengths and weaknesses of the Ulysses program can be stated below: The program had helped to recognize and build up future leaders of PwC who shall be eligible to take on the responsibility of senior leadership. The program helped in building a global network of PwC and helped in creating a positive image of the company. Most importantly, the program helped to capitalize the capacity of the leader in terms of its diversity and transnational nature of its operation (Noe and Winkler 2012, p. 78). It has helped the leaders to guide on the ambiguity of diverse culture. This has automatically made the leaders more responsible and drives them towards success. The program also helped in making partnership with major international business firms from throughout the world (Mirvis et al. 2014, p. 236). The communication skills of the leaders were also improved because they had to communicate face to face with the leaders of other nations The program does not identify any weakness, but the complete program resulted in expenditure of the Company. In addition to this, with the approach of teaching new leadership technique, the actual leadership quality of the individuals was lost (Ehnert et al. 2009, p. 13). With the intension of learning and approaching for better understanding, the challenges for the training and development among the leaders were seen. The project forced them to such aspects that were not included in their proficiency. They found themselves under great pressure and could not acknowledge the same to the other senior leaders of the firms keeping their personal responsibility into consideration (Pless and Maak 2009, p. 70). Another drawback of the program was that the focus of the consultancy firm was rather changed to other forms of activities and was not limited to accounting. The effectiveness of the Ulysses program could be easily determined by making proper approach towards the final outcome of the project. The program has resulted in many effective measures. The aim of the program was also to focus on understanding the cultural aspects of other countries where PwC operates (Noe and Winkler 2012, p. 79). This aim was effectively achieved by the end of the program. The program has successfully acted as a catalyst to overcome the challenges that the firm has been facing in its business. The four approaches can be mentioned as below: Employee satisfaction rate: By conducting personality tests on the employees. It has been evident that one of major goals of the Ulysses program is to improve the leadership carry out talent management. Thus, the means of analyzing each individual leader who have been appointed for the posts, the effectiveness and consequences of the program can be known (Pless and Maak 2009, p. 62). Reduced customer complaint rates: Since, PwC also approach at building better image of the firm by performing corporate social responsibility. Thus, it is recommended to keep a check of the ratings that the firm gets in terms of conducting CSR activity the effectiveness of the Ulysses program can be easily understood. Performance improvement: By measuring the development of the leaders. The leaders were appointed with different jobs and activities as a measure of training and development (Maak et al. 2014, p. 115). Thus, to measure the effectiveness of the program, several performance indicators can be used to get acknowledged on the outcome of the program. Measuring market share and sales volume: The program was intended towards increasing the market share of the firm that would consequently increase the profit margin of the firm. Thus, by measuring the market share and profit margin of the firm and comparing it with previous years data, the success and the effectiveness of the program can be easily measured. The Ulysses program was effective enough for the firm and has helped the organization to achieve its goals and adjectives even in the competitive business condition. References: Boreck, M., 2014. Closing Chapter: Overview of the Findings and Areas for Future Research.Developing the Next Generation of Responsible Leaders: Empirical Insights and Recommendations for Organizations, p.178. Ehnert, I., Harry, W., and Zink, K. J. (Eds.). 2013.Sustainability and human resource management: eveloping sustainable business organizations. Springer Science Business Media. Leaders, D.R.G., 2014. 3. Developing Responsible Global Leaders.Developing the Next Generation of Responsible Leaders: Empirical Insights and Recommendations for Organizations, p.86. Maak, T., Boreck, M. and Pless, N.M., 2014. Developing Global Leaders Who Make a Difference.Developing the Next Generation of Responsible Leaders: Empirical Insights and Recommendations for Organizations, p.115. 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